The renewed covenant for the future will support the promises made throughout the Old Testament period. The biggest change will be for the administrator of the confederation. He will no longer be a Moses, a David, a high priest, or a great prophet like Isaiah. Jesus Christ, incarnated by these Old Testament mediators, will be the mediator of the covenant. He will inaugurate, fulfill and permanently establish the renewed covenant. He did this by becoming the high priest who offered himself as the Paschal Lamb. He summed it all up with his „I am“ statements (John 4:26; 6:35; 8:12; 9:5; John 10:7 John 10:9 John 10:11 John 10:14; 11:25 ; 14:6 ; John 15:1 John 15:6), with whom he identified with Yahweh, who, when he called Moses as a mediator in the Old Testament, said, „I am who I am“ (Exodus 3:14) and „this is my blood of the covenant“ (Matthew 20:28). The Book of Hebrews elaborates on the fact that Jesus and His blood are essential elements of the New Covenant (9:11-10:18). The corresponding word in New Testament Greek is diatheque, but in the authorized version it is usually rendered as a „testament.“ It should be reproduced, just like the Old Testament word berith, „covenant.“ So the difference between the old and the new covenant is not that the old covenant had conditions for the people and the new covenant did not. Under the Old Covenant, people had to put their faith in God and show their faith through their obedience, while remembering that God alone—not their obedience—saved them.
Moreover, the difference is not that the new covenant has grace and the old covenant does not. Salvation always comes before God`s call to obey Him (Deuteronomy 7:6-8; 9:6; Ephesians 2:8–10 James 2:14–26). In Romans 4, Paul uses Abraham and David as models of how someone is justified by faith alone. There is absolute continuity on this point – we are saved only by faith in Christ. An affirmative or positive agreement is a clause in a loan agreement that requires a borrower to perform certain actions. Examples of positive restrictive covenants include requirements to maintain an appropriate level of assurance, requirements to provide audited financial statements to the lender, compliance with applicable laws, and maintenance of appropriate accounting and solvency records, where applicable. The second phase of the process of renewal and affirmation of the covenant was the word of the law by Yahweh and listening to the people. First, the Ten Commandments were pronounced; These were inclusive principles that governed all aspects of life in the kingdom. The first four were about king Yahweh`s character, how and when he should be honored and revered.
They explained how life and worship would meet the demands of the spiritual mission of the Creation Covenant. The next three dealt with the accomplishment of the social mission and the last three with the cultural mission. The reciprocal relationship of the commandments showed how people of integrity, faithful, obedient, and covenant would find life in the kingdom. For example, stealing would hurt a neighbor (socially) while acting disobediently against Yahweh (spiritually) in the cultural sphere. The fact is that the Old Covenant served, among other things, as a guide to direct people to Christ (Gal 3:24). For example, Christ`s words in Matthew 26:28 („my covenant blood“) have a rich Background from the Old Testament. The words mainly refer to 2. Moses 24:8, when Moses took blood and threw it on the Israelites, as a symbolic act of God`s purification of their sin. Exodus 24 (see v. 11) also emphasizes food and drink, which corresponds well to Jesus` words and deeds in the Lord`s Supper. The Old Testament. The Hebrew word for covenant does not appear in Genesis 1-5.
Some scholars say that this is proof that there was no covenant in the first history of mankind. Some say that the idea of the covenant originally appeared in the minds of the Israelites after they arrived at Mount Sinai. To explain references to the covenant in the accounts of Noah and patriarchy, scholars have wrongly said that later Genesis editors inserted the idea of the covenant to give historical evidence and credibility to what Israel later believed. Other scholars who accept Genesis as an account of Yahweh`s revelation also find it difficult to accept that God made His covenant when He created the cosmos, mainly because of the lack of direct verbal reference to it. The kings of Judah ignored, believed, and rejected the prophetic warnings, but Yahweh, through his covenant spokesman, the prophets, continued to keep his promises about his covenant and the promised mediator of the covenant before the people. When the Bible mentions a covenant, it refers to a strong and solemn agreement between two parties. Biblical covenants, however, are very different from the kind of agreements we make today: After all, how do you explain a covenant to someone from the outside? A „covenant of salt“ refers to an eternal covenant in the sealing or ratification of which salt is used as a symbol of eternity (Numbers 18:19; Leviticus 2:13; 2 Chr 13:5 ). The Ten Commandments are given in chapter 20. The Israelites promise obedience to God`s commandments in the context of the covenant not only in 19:8, before the submission of the Ten Commandments, but also in 24:3, 7. According to the Israelites` explanation of the promised obedience in 24:7, Moses sheds blood on the Israelites, and they too eat together (24:8, 11). Therefore, the Ten Commandments occur as part of a federal administration, but the commandments of the Ten Commandments are only a part of the old covenant, not the sum of it. God first saved His people and declared them His precious possessions (see Dtn.